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Tel: 0031 61 39 53 790  |  info@lansantiek.com

Friday and Saterday 10.00 - 16.00
Sunday 12.00 - 16.00
and by appointment.

Address: Hessenweg 9, 6999 BH Hummelo, NL.

Nederlands Duits

Antique / old chandeliers


Van der Lans Antiques has an extensive collection of old and antique chandeliers. In recent years this has become a specialty. Because the interest in old and antique chandeliers has enlarged and therefore also the questions where to pay attention to,when buying a chandelier, we have gathered some usefull information.

History of the chandelier.

There is a variety of books and reprints of old catalogs written about old and antique chandeliers, but most of them stop around the year 1910.
Because many chandeliers are of later date, we will give a classification of old chandeliers that are frequently offered nowadays. Moreover we notice that many people, including shopholders, think that chandeliers are older than they are. 
The light bulb was invented by Edison in 1879. But only from 1911, by using wolram-wire, useful for households. So an antique electric chandelier is rare.
What occurs is that ancient candle chandeliers are fitted for electricity. They can be recognized by pierced candleholders and bobeches. The wiring runs over or along the frame, but that is also done with chandeliers of later date that are made for electricity. We often see chandeliers in the market claimed to have been originally made for candles while this is not true.

Glass and crystal

Since the seventeenth century there were made glass chandeliers in Italy. Especially the Venetian chandeliers are very famous.
At the end of the seventeenth century the  lead crystal was discovered. This is normal with to which a percentage of lead has been added. This lead in the glass refracts the light so that it splits in all colors of the rainbow. By adding lead the glass will sing when you tap against it. A disadvantage is that lead glass is more fragile. Half crystal is glass with a small amount of lead.
In the eighteenth century in Germany, Austria and France chandeliers were decorated with rock crystal. This crystal was mined in the Alps. The rough pieces of rock crystal were hand-cut in many shapes and sizes. Only in antique crystal chandeliers we can find this material.

Many of the twentieth century chandeliers are decorated wih glass or half crystall drops. There are many differences in quality. The drops are pressed in a form and later on cut by hand or machine. The quality of the glass, shape of the mould and the way of polishing the glass determine the final result. Nowadays a large number of modern chandeliers are made with Bohemian crystal made in the Czech Republic.
Modern Swarovski Strass crystal is now regarded as the best crystal. It is very clear, free from defects and has a unique brilliance. The faceted Strass crystal has a very sharp edge. From 1960 this type of crystal has been used in chandeliers.

Colored glass or crystal as an accent in a chandelier requires creativity and courage when used in a contemporary interior design but the result can be very exclusive.

In modern chandeliers, we often find plastic parts like drops and bobeches. Plastic does not reflect the light like glass or crystal, so these lamps are less brilliant. And even more they get a mat surface. Note that in chandeliers that where prouced after 1950 platic instead of glass can be used. We do not sell these chandeliers.

Types chandeliers

We distinguish several types of chandeliers in our store. When purchasing a chandelier is often the first choice made to what type is preferred. Of each type we have always several chandeliers in the store from which a choice can be made. Incidentally, it is always unique copies, but some lamps were also used to loved and are made in larger numbers. There is often variation in the bucks, ornamental vases and grease traps in purchasing two completely identical chandeliers therefore difficult.

French chandelier


This type is characterized by brass or bronze frame and arms elegantly dressed with crystal drops and pendants. The rising central part consists of one or more decorative glass vases alternated with small branches also dressed with drops. The bobeches are made of brass, bronze or glass, sometimes dressed with icicles. 
The French chandelier is perfect for a classic interior.
Influenced by the Art Deco period French chandeliers were also made in nickle. A colour that fits beautifuly in a white or modern interior.

Maria Theresia (Theresa) chandelier


Maria Theresa, was the Empress of Austria in the eighteenth century. In 1746 a new, lyre-shaped, chandelier was delivered in her palace and she fell in love with Bohemian chandeliers. Since this type of chandelier bears her name.
Apart from the form this type of chandelier is characterised by flat, gold painted, steel arms, coated with glass strips and rosettes following  the curve of the arms and dressed with drops.  
The rising central part consists of one or more decorative vases. The pure Maria Theresa chandelier has an open center containing an extra lamp, glass pinnacle or glass ball. The Maria Theresa chandelier is made in a variety of shapes and sizes. 
This icy and glittering chandelier does not require an antique setting, it is also very beautiful in a white and contemporary interior.

Basket chandelier


The basket chandeliers, sac perle in French, began to be made around 1750. It started with delicate designs. From de central ring, which support the branches, chains of cut glass are run to a smaller ring on top, like a tent. There are two types, the tent-and-waterfall, and tent-and-bag chandeliers. The waterfall element contains a lot off cut-glass drops or icicles. The bag or basket is formed by strings of glass beads or buttons. Later, when electricity was introduced, armless types appeared. with just internal ligting. This type is loved for its simple form and shielded light.

Dutch chandelier


The classic Dutch style of chandelier has been known since the fifteenth century and was especially popular in the Netherlands. The chandelier is made of brass or bronze and is characterized by curling down S-shaped arms and a baluster-shaped body, which provided, when highly polished, an ideal reflecting surface. The weight of the heavy brass ball keeps the fitting level and prevents it from swinging.
They were often made for churches but were also used for domestic lighting. Due to its simple and recognizable form the Dutch chandelier fits in most interiors.
Since 1950, they were also designed in chromium- and nickel- plated types, that fits perfectly in a modern setting or kitchen, in which stainless steel has been implimented.

Italian chandelier


This name is generally used to describe an elegant chandelier that is made of gilded metal.
Sometimes the graceful metal frame is decorated with strings of small glass beads and covered with glass drops in a variety of shapes en colours, even opalescent glass has been used.
These dazling coloured chandeliers achieve maximum impact and show less formal than the classic French chandeliers.
It adds an individualistic statement to your interior.

The chandelier at home

To select the perfect chandelier it is important to know which one is suitable for your home. You have to take into account the height of the ceiling and the size of the room. When you have a big oversized space, the sky is the limit, but on a smaller scale you must do some homework. Is it ment to hang in open space you should take great care. A small-sized chandelier has a hight of at least 50cm and with chain and cover it will reach about 70cm in total. So you will need a height of at least 270 cm. When you are looking for a chandelier above your (dining)table there are more possible options in size. We recommend a minimum height of 160 cm from the floor to the lowest point of the lamp. A ceiling height of 240 cm is sufficient.

The diameter of most chandeliers varies from 40 to 80 cm. For most interiors this is a normal size. Larger is possible when you have a sized space or a high ceiling. 
Often a small chandelier is just right. In the store they look smaller than in your home.

Restoration and Cleaning

All our lamps are thoroughly cleaned and restored where necessary.
For cleaning, the antique chandeliers are disassembled, fitted with new wiring and lamp holders and put together again. This is necessary because the old wiring is not safe enough. All drops are removed, washed and dried carefully. Afterwards the chandelier is re-decorated with the sparkling drops. The drops are attached to the chandelier with new brass wires. For a more antique-look we colour them. 

The frame of the chandelier is usually made of brass, bronze or iron and sometimes guilded. We mildly clean the frame, only removing the nicotine, grease and dust so the old patina, that gives the chandelier its distinguished appearance remains. Each lamp or chandelier, depending on the state it is in, gets its specific treatment. Sometimes it will take a few days to restore it. It takes a lot of time, but what is more pretty then the sparkling beauty of an old chandelier. Some dealers say they sell restored chandeliers, but when you take a closer look, you will see details such as damaged or missing glass drops, carelessly hung into the lamp with messy wires.  A chandelier attracts everyones attention and should therefore be in good condition.

We only restore chandeliers of our own.


Because all of our lamps and chandeliers are thoroughly cleaned and in a good condition, it wont cost you a lot of work to keep it in this fabulous en sparkling state. The frame can be kept dust-free with a feather duster. When the glass or crystal drops get a foggy look, you can clean them with a barely damp microfiber cloth or wash-leather. We use hot water and cleaning vinegar.

Buying Tips

Now you know a little bit more about chandeliers and other lamp fittings.
When you intend to buy a lamp it is wise to pay attention to the following details:

-do you like the lamp, its shape, design, composition, colour etc.,
-is it the right size, not too high, too large or too small,
-is it safe (technical state),
-will it stay up (chain),
-are there no severe damages or restorations,
-is it clean,
-are all bobeches identical,
-are the glass vases in the center in good condition,
-are the glass or crystal drops in good condition,
-are there no drops missing,
-are the drops that should be identical, really identical, 
-are the drops arranged in the right order,
-is it dressed with the correct drops,
-are the drop connections in good condition (not corroded),
-are the drop connections identical in size and colour
-are the strings of glass beats of the same length and size?

After answering all these questions you are capable to make the right decision.

Van der Lans Antiques
Hessenweg 9
6999 BH Hummelo
Tel: 0031 61 39 53 790 
IBAN: NL26 INGB 0656165170